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Miking Tips

 

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Miking Tips


1. This might sound common sense but using the right microphone for the job and spending time selecting the right microphone and experimenting with microphone positioning, is infinitely preferable to trying to fix it in the mix later. We use a AKG C1000S for many of our vocal and acoustic guitar recordings and found it quite good. A "pop" screen may help when you record voices as you can ruin many good takes by finding out later that the singer got a little too close...

2. Although we only use digital drums triggered by pads, if you have acoustic drums remember that when miking a snare drum from the top and bottom, you should not forget to flip the phase of the bottom mic.

3. Generally its best to record your signal dry (without EQ and effects), adding EQ and effects later when you mix.

4. Make sure guitars and other instruments are really in tune. There's a big difference between nearly and really in tune. How about using an electronic tuner?

5. Plan out the session. Before recording it's a good idea to  plan out the session. Have the words of the song typed out and provide a stand for it. Sit down with everyone involved and discuss production techniques, musical styles and instrumentation.

6.Compress the vocals. Compression is hard to get excited about, but it is an essential tool in achieving a professional mix.

7.Connect reverbs, delays, chorus and other time based or modulation effects to aux sends on your mixer. Connect gates, exciters and compressors to the insert points of your mixer.

8.Once you've set your levels and are ready to record, back off the gain on your mixer a little. People normally play harder and louder during an actual take than the soundcheck.

9.If using a spaced stereo pair, make sure they are 3 times as far apart from each other as they are from the sound source.

10.Its best to keep mics at least 3' from walls, otherwise bass frequencies will be recorded at a louder level, due to the proximity effect.

11.Use the High Pass 100Hz filter on overhead/cymbal/snare microphones to reduce/eliminate unwanted low frequency rumble. Such as handling noise, mic stand wobbles and pickup from the stage (e.g. bass drum thudding).

12.Do not use High Pass 100Hz filters on the bass drum, and tom toms, or the LOW frequency content will be lost.

13.Do not use reverb effects on low frequency drums such as low frequency Tom toms and bass drums. This will clutter the mix and give a muddy sound.

... more coming...

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